UNB’s College of Extended Learning is offering Biol 1846, Introduction to the Vascular Plants of New Brunswick this summer (August 19-25). It is an intensive course in identifying trees, ferns, grasses and wildflowers commonly found in New Brunswick and is led by botanist Gart Bishop.
Contact the College at 506-451-6824 or email@example.com for more information.
Can you even do botany in the winter? There are no flowers or leaves to distinguish plants and most things are covered in snow!
This is true, but winter gives us a chance to look more closely at the foundations of plants and trees without the distractions of color or camouflage of green. The bare branches of trees define their overall shape and stature clearly, and many may be known just by this. Other shrubs and trees can be identified by their branching patterns, bud shapes and placement, stem colours etc., and even herbaceous plants have parts that show through the winter and help us figure out their names (e.g. seed pods, bracts, spines).
There are guidebooks and keys specifically for winter botany, and the internet hosts a lot of great sites describing the tricks and techniques for identifying plants in the winter, just search for “winter botany”. Here are several books we have in the Herbarium, with a page from one that would help with the birches in the photo above!
Check out this presentation of shrubby information put together by Elizabeth Mills : shrubs-2016!
They are organized by habitat and season and there are some wonderful photos !
Chance Harbour, Saint John County. For more information about this Nature Trust site, go to: Beldings Reef Nature Preserve.
Photos and Text by E. Mills and B. Schneider
Our group of botanists met in the parking lot of the Seaside Baptist Church in Chance Harbour around 10:00 am, got organized and ventured off down the trail to the Lighthouse. Carli Leroux works with the Nature Trust and was our guide for the outing, which was intended as an inventory of the plant species contained in the Preserve. The plants collected have been properly catalogued and are housed in the Connell Memorial Herbarium at the University of New Brunswick. They are referred to as the Belding’s Reef Nature Preserve collection.
We decided to move as a group with each person collecting a different group of plants: shrubs, grasses, sedges, trees, flowering vascular plants, and ferns. The trail meanders through 4 different habitats : mixed forest, shrubby forest edge, coastal edge, and rocky seeps. Our path was a circuitous route following the designated trail going to the lighthouse and then returning on a power line trail back to the starting point.
We found there was not a lot of diversity in any of the designated plant collecting groups in these habitats. However, one of the highlights was finding Sagina nodosa var. borealis. This plant is not a plant common in New Brunswick and has been reported only from coastal habitats.
Another remarkable find was the large patch of Myrica pensylvanica ( photo below) commonly known as bayberry. This not rare in New Brunswick but is found more often on the shores of Northumberland Strait. The patch we found was 1.5 meters in height and covered a large area on the top of the rocky ledges.
The vistas from the trail were eye candy and could be called “sights for sore eyes”. We did enjoy the outing and got a good sample of what is common on the Fundy coast of New Brunswick.
These are some of the earliest flowering plants I’ve encountered in this province. They are called Skunk cabbage, Symplocarpus foetidus. It occurs in wet areas and flowers really early in the season, then throws up big leaves later on. It is not common in the province, in fact this is close to the northernmost part of it’s distribution.
Prompted by an inquiry by a botanist in Korea who is collecting tissue samples of this species from around the world, I checked the herbarium’s collection: we only have 8 specimens from New Brunswick in our cabinets and they were mainly collected about 50 years ago!
Time for an update, I thought, and time for a field trip too (it’s been a long winter!) So, last week, the first weekend of April, Liz, Bev and I went out on a hunt for the elusive skunk cabbage. While quite large, the flower is a little hard to see at first because it occurs in marshy, wet areas full of dead grasses!
The occasion also gave us a chance to learn more about the ecology of this very odd plant, for example: it makes scent and warmth to attract pollinating insects; it buries itself deeper in the mud each year with it’s contractile roots; and it has separate male and female flowers.
Love learning about plants!
- Location: Mace’s Bay, NB
- Date: Saturday, October 3 2015
- Lead by: Dr. Gary Saunders, UNB
- Focus: Algae exposed by super low tides.
- Photos courtesy of Elizabeth Mills
This was an exceptional opportunity to learn more about the underwater / intertidal flora of the Bay of Fundy. In addition to serving as the herbarium’s Director, Dr. Gary Saunders (website) is a research professor at UNB interested in algal evolution, sytematics and biodiversity.